1. Altman Returns as CEO of OpenAI

On November 22, OpenAI announced on its social platform X that Altman would return as CEO. According to a report by foreign media, the OpenAI bidding activity led by venture capital firm Thrive will continue after Altman's return and will be completed next week.

2. Study Finds Microautophagy Mechanism Critical for Preventing Aging

According to a study published in the journal EMBO Reports, researchers from Osaka University and Nara Prefectural University of Medicine in Japan have first demonstrated that damaged lysosomes can be repaired through the microautophagy mechanism and identified two key regulatory factors for this process, which is essential for preventing aging.

3. Research Makes Progress Toward Observing Quantum Backflow in Two Dimensions

Researchers at the University of Warsaw's Faculty of Physics have superposed two light beams twisted in the clockwise direction to create anti-clockwise twists in the dark regions of the resultant superposition. The results of the research have been published in Optica. This discovery has implications for the study of light-matter interactions and represents a step towards the observation of a peculiar phenomenon known as a quantum backflow.

4. SpaceX plans to sell shares next month at $150B valuation

According to foreign media, a source familiar with the matter revealed that SpaceX, a space exploration company under the leadership of Elon Musk, plans to sell shares at a valuation of $150 billion in December, the same valuation as the financing in the summer of 2023. 

5. Musk's Neuralink Continues to Recruit Patients for Human Clinical Trials

Neuralink is still recruiting patients for its human clinical trial, called the PRIME study. PRIME is an acronym for Precise Robotically Implanted Brain-Computer Interface. Neuralink's PRIME study will test the company's brain-computer interface (BCI), evaluating its N1 implant and R1 surgical robot.

6. TikTok Reportedly Considering Investing in a Subsidiary of Indonesian GoTo Group

According to foreign media report, TikTok is in talks to invest in a subsidiary of GoTo Group in Indonesia, which is one of the options the company is considering to try and restart its e-commerce business in the Indonesian market. Sources said the company is exploring a potential investment in Tokopedia, an online retail subsidiary of GoTo, which could be finalized in the coming weeks.

Editor: Alexander